The removable dental prosthesis is a dental appliance that can replace missing teeth and part of the gum. A complete prosthesis (one that replaces all the teeth on the upper or lower jaw) is commonly referred to as “dentures“. A partial prosthesis (one that replaces only a few teeth on the upper or lower jaw) is commonly termed “partial“.
Removable prostheses play many roles:
- they allow the chewing of food (avoiding digestive problems),
- they improve the aesthetic appeal of the smile,
- they correct the sagging of the jaws and the loss of support for the lips,
- they limit the potential for loss of other teeth by stabilizing dental occlusion,
- they facilitate diction and speech.
Everything about dental care:
The removable dental prosthesis, partial or complete, is indicated in the case of dental loss (accidental or resulting from pathology: periodontitis, dental caries…). It often has a different indication than the fixed partial dentures: such as a dental crown (for a damaged tooth that is still in place, or the fixed bridge (for a missing tooth between two teeth).
Nowadays, the dentist offers removable prostheses that present a large number of possibilities. They are better adapted to the patient’s mouth. They are more stable and are less likely to slip out or fall out in an inconvenient way (such as during a meal or as the result of coughing or sneezing).
The various types of removable prostheses
The partial prosthesis
It is a resin or rigid-metal-mesh-based prosthesis that replaces one or several teeth on a jaw. They are held in place by metallic clasps. They are a perfect substitute for natural teeth and are supported by both the gum and the remaining teeth.
The partial prosthesis must be removed and cleaned after each meal. Unless your dentist tells you otherwise, it is preferable not to wear it during sleep. The teeth that are present in the mouth must also be properly maintained.
Consulting with a dental hygienist is recommended.
- Removable complete prosthesis
Resin or a cast metallic plate is used for making this type of prosthesis. It replaces all the teeth (lower or upper jaw) and it rests on the hard palate and on the gums.
The removable complete or full prosthesis is less expensive than the complete prosthesis on dental implants.
Care of removable prostheses
A strict and comprehensive hygiene must be maintained when wearing a removable prosthesis:
- thoroughly brush the teeth, the gum and the prosthesis after each meal,
- unless your dentist states otherwise, remove the prosthesis during sleep and soak the appliance in an appropriate solution (in a denture-soaking solution).
Choosing a removable prosthesis depends on dentition, the number of lost teeth and their location.
Over the years, the gums and bone will change. Follow-up visits are recommended in order to insure a good fitting of appliances to the gum and other oral tissues.
Your David & Cloutier Dental Office in Montréal (next to the Papineau metro station) will provide you information about the existing types of removable prostheses.
The reception is open from Monday through Friday and you can contact our secretary/receptionist:
by phone: 514-527-1276
or by Email at email@example.com