The gingival graft is performed using graft tissue taken from the palate or using AlloDerm tissue.
This graft tissue is then positioned in the region of the thinned and reduced attached gum. The graft restores thickness to the weakened attached gum, thereby stopping recession and at the same time reinforcing the supporting tissue that protects the teeth.
Depending on the clinical situation, this surgery is at times performed by the general dentist or at other times by the periodontist. This intervention addresses gum recession problems.
Take care of your gum
What causes gum recession?
Such a degradation of the attached gum tissue is sometimes linked to hereditary factors, to periodontal diseases or to mechanical factors such as:
- the shape of the alveolar bone,
- malposition of teeth,
- periodontal inflammation linked to dental plaque,
- a thin gingiva,
- age, aging,
- poor teeth brushing technique (horizontal brushing),
- bruxism (grinding of teeth),
- poor-fitting dental crown
Gingival graft is prescribed in the event of discomfort, or for aesthetic reasons, and also to preserve the bone support of the teeth.
How is this intervention performed?
The gingival graft is performed under local anaesthetics and generally lasts only 45 minutes. It therefore does not require time off from work. The operation is performed in three steps.
- 1st step
The dentist or the periodontist prepares the gingiva and takes an X-ray to detect any possible anomaly.
- 2nd step
The dental surgeon takes a small piece of tissue from the gum or from the palate: the grafting tissue. The dentist may also choose to use a synthetic membrane.
- 3rd step
The dental surgeon then performs sutures around the exposed tooth.
After two weeks, the sutures are removed. The success rate depends on the status of the receding gum: the more advanced, the longer and the harder it is to attain success.
- Take the medication prescribed by your dentists David & Cloutier in order to relieve discomfort (analgesic and anti-inflammatory).
- Your dentist advises you to apply ice within the hour following the intervention to limit swelling in the graft area.
- Ideally, the dressing covering the graft area must be kept in place for a week.
And, most importantly, for a period of two weeks, the patient must avoid:
- eating on the side of the graft and brushing the teeth on the side of the graft,
- smoking: totally prohibited!
For further information on gingival grafting technique, contact your general dentists David & Cloutier in Montréal.
You will obtain all the information needed regarding this technique and learn which payment facilities are available.