The technician realizes partial dental prostheses (partial dentures) or complete dentures and repairs them; as well, the technician manufactures fixed prostheses (crowns and bridges) and orthodontic appliances (used to correct the alignment of the teeth). The technician works in a laboratory, and is therefore generally not in direct contact with the patients.
Other professions in dentistry:
The main activities of the dental technician
1-The preparation of prosthetics and dental appliances
The dental technician manufactures appliances, prostheses, and dental appliances. He or she works from a stone model made after the dental impressions taken previously by the dentist. The dental technician manufactures removable prostheses, produces metallic structures and wax diagnostic models. He or she fabricates artificial ceramic, porcelain, or resin teeth. The technician must strive to keep the same colour to match the other teeth in order to respect the harmony of the dentition. The technician can also manufacture mandibular guide flanges made of resin to treat cases of bruxism (gritting or grinding the teeth).
2- The fabrication of crowns and bridges
Another part of the technician’s work is to fabricate crowns, bridges and prostheses on implants. Communication between the dentist and the technician is essential to successful fixed partial prostheses.
The dental technicians can work in an independent laboratory or in a dental centre. Their work dress is appropriate: a lab coat, gloves, a mask, safety glasses, etc.
To practice this trade in the province of Québec, dental technicians must be members of the local college of dental technicians: the Ordre des techniciennes et techniciens dentaires du Québec.
The required professional skills are, understandably, of a technical nature, but not solely. The dental technician must as well:
- have good manual dexterity
- be meticulous and precise, pay close attention to detail
- be autonomous and know how to work independently
- have an aptitude for teamwork
- have a sense of aesthetics (colour and shape)
- have organizational skills
The profession of dental technician is continually evolving on the scientific level.