The goals of orthodontic treatment are to restore proper teeth alignment as well as good occlusion, to correct the position of the teeth, to ensure proper chewing, and to remedy aesthetic problems resulting from malposition of the teeth.
Favouring proper oral hygiene and participating in the treatment of certain speech disorders as well as in correcting certain bad oral habits are additional objectives of the treatment …
Proper occlusion therefore represents an important element of both oral health and general good health.
Dental occlusion is the expression that refers to the position, relation, and contact between the teeth of the lower maxillary and the teeth of the upper maxillary. In medical terms, this relation is known as intercuspation.
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Dental occlusion problems are sometimes at the origin of very complex situations
Symptoms are: pain in the jaw joint (TMJ or temporomandibular joint), migraines, bruxism (tooth grinding), clicking and popping, locking of the jaw joint, difficulty chewing, and digestion problems.
Specific criteria may increase the precision of the orthodontic diagnostic:
- the way the upper molars relate with the lower molars,
- the way the upper canines relate with the lower canines,
- vertical and horizontal teeth misalignment,
- facial profile,
- the skeletal relationship between the maxillaries and the cranium,
- the age of the skeleton and of the teeth,
- the inherited absence of some of the teeth,
Sometimes the dentist, but most often the orthodontist, can treat occlusion problems and restore proper occlusion.
Possible causes of dental malocclusion
In some cases, the contact between the upper and the lower teeth is inadequate. There may be multiple causes for this situation:
- bad oral habits,
- extracted or missing teeth that displace remaining teeth,
- cleft lip and palate,
- malformation of the jaw,
- bruxism, severely worn dentition,
Choosing the appropriate treatment
The techniques are constantly evolving in the field of orthodontics. Diagnosing dental or skeletal malocclusion can sometimes be difficult. That is why all the knowledge of the general dentist or of the dentist who is a specialist in orthodontics is called for.
In conclusion, malocclusion is an imbalance that should sometimes preferably be remedied. We recommend treating this problem through a global approach. Do not hesitate to contact your trusted dentist in Montréal (close to the Papineau metro station) to perform an assessment of your mouth in order to evaluate the quality of the occlusion.